Wed, 08 Feb 2023

What Russia was like in 1913

RBTH
25 Jan 2023, 16:55 GMT+10

Let's take a look at the absolutely stunning photos depicting the country that no longer exists - the life of the tsar, peasants, Old Believers and much more!

The year 1913 marked the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty. The date was widely celebrated all across the country. St. Petersburg was especially richly decorated.

Karl Bulla/Central State Archive of Film, Photo, and Sound Documents of St. Petersburg (Hereinafter - Spb State Archive).

The big festivities, including a religious procession, were held across the Moscow center and on the Red Square.

Public domain; MAMM/MDF/russiainphoto.ru

Following the ceremonial celebrations at the Moscow Kremlin.

Spb State Archive/russiainphoto.ru

In March 1913, after the Petersburg and Moscow celebrations, the emperor paid a ceremonial visit to the city of Kostroma, where he was welcomed with bread and salt. It's believed that the Romanov dynasty was born in Kostroma.

Karl Bulla/Pavlovsky Historical Museum/russiainphoto.ru

Nicholas II and family visited the Romanov boyars chambers inside the Ipatiev Monastery in Kostroma, where the future first tsar of the Romanov dynasty, young Mikhail, lived during the Time of Troubles in the early 17th century.

Karl Bulla/Pavlovsky Historical Museum/russiainphoto.ru

Kostroma citizens were extremely excited by the highest visit and crowded to catch a glimpse of the emperor.

Karl Bulla/Pavlovsky Historical Museum/russiainphoto.ru

The Romanovs also had a tour abroad on their 'Polar Star' yacht.

Public domain

But, most of the time, the tsar family enjoyed their everyday routine in their Tsarskoye Selo palace outside of St. Petersburg.

Public domain

In 1913, a Russian hydrographic expedition of the Arctic Ocean made the last significant geographic discovery on the globe. The group on the Vaygach icebreaker discovered an archipelago that they called 'Emperor Nicholas II Land' (Now called Severnaya Zemlya).

Leonid Starokadomsky/S. Burasovsky private collection/russiainphoto.ru

Igor Sikorsky also presented his 'Russian Knight', the first four-engined plane, which successfully performed the first aerial test, this year.

Spb State Archive/russiainphoto.ru

In 1913, the scandalous and legendary ballet 'The Rite of Spring' by Igor Stravinsky premiered at the Theâtre des Champs-Elysees in Paris as part of Sergei Diaghilev's 'Russian Seasons'. The avant-garde performance depicting pagan sacrifice was a sensation.

Public domain

After their big triumph in Europe, Sergei Diaghilev's 'Ballets Russes' headed on tour to Latin America and enjoyed great success in Buenos Aires, too. Diaghilev didn't attend the tour, but legendary dancer and choreographer Vaclav Nijinsky is pictured sixth from the left.

St. Petersburg State Museum of Theater and Music

At the same time, the avant-garde futurist opera 'Victory Over the Sun' premiered in St. Petersburg. The stage and costumes were designed by Kazimir Malevich and the first lookalike images of his famous 'Black Square' appeared there.

Public domain

In 1913, military exercises using balloons and aerostats took place in the city of Kars (now Türkiye, but part of the Russian Empire in 1878-1918).

MAMM/MDF/russiainphoto.ru

And now, take a look at some random photographs taken in 1913 which help to get a real feel of the atmosphere of the time.

Electric trams and horse carriages moving along Nevsky Prospekt, St. Petersburg's main street.

Karl Bulla/MAMM/MDF/russiainphoto.ru

St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg and an equestrian statue of Emperor Nicholas I in front of it. This is a rare example of how a tsar monument survived the upcoming Revolution and Soviet time. It was recognized as an engineering masterpiece, as the complicated equestrian statue only had two points of support.

A.Odinokov archive/russiainphoto.ru

View on the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood built on the site of Alexander II's murder and boats on the Catherine Canal (which would be renamed in honor of writer Alexander Griboyedov ten years later).

A.Odinokov archive/russiainphoto.ru

A tsarist-era public transportation: the omnibus, one of the first vehicles not horse-drawn anymore.

Ostankino museum-estate/russiainphoto.ru

A market square in a provincial city on the Volga River banks.

P.Zhukov/Kineshma Art and History Museum /russiainphoto.ru

Deputies of the Third State Duma inspect the 'Rurik' armored cruiser.

Spb State Archive/russiainphoto.ru

Young glassblowers producing Christmas tree ornaments in St. Petersburg.

Karl Bulla/MAMM/MDF/russiainphoto.ru

Cargo and passenger piers along the Volga River.

P.Zhukov/Kineshma Art and History Museum /russiainphoto.ru

Amateur skiers club on their walk.

Spb State Archive/russiainphoto.ru

A peasant woman working on a loom in Grodno Region (modern-day Belarus).

Kunstkamera/russiainphoto.ru

Visitors in the reading room of the Imperial Public Library.

Karl Bulla/Spb State Archive/russiainphoto.ru

Volga fishermen posing after work in Kostroma Region.

'Kostromskaya starina' newspaper/russiainphoto.ru

Swimming school members training in a pool.

Karl Bulla/Spb State Archive/russiainphoto.ru

A bicycle department in a St. Petersburg store.

Karl Bulla/Spb State Archive/russiainphoto.ru

A chess tournament.

Spb State Archive/russiainphoto.ru

While the rest of Russia enjoyed technical progress, Old Believers kept following their traditional way of life.

Maxim Dmitriev/MAMM/MDF/russiainphoto.ru

Famous artist Ilya Repin working in front of his guests.

Spb State Archive/russiainphoto.ru

Workers packaging a variety of goods.

Spb State Archive/russiainphoto.ru

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